Present Perfect Continuous Tense | 2021 in Urdu+English Explanation

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

The Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used to show an action that started in the past, continued to present or just finished recently.  There is no PASSIVE VOICE in Present Perfect Continuous Tense. The present perfect continuous tense (also known as the present perfect progressive tense) shows that something started in the past and is continuing at the present time. The present perfect continuous is formed using the construction has/have been + the present participle (root + -ing). The present perfect continuous (also called present perfect progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an action started in the past and has continued up to the present moment. The present perfect continuous usually emphasizes duration, or the amount of time that an action has been taking place.
Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Active Voice

In Present Prefect Continuous Tense  active voice Urdu sentences end with (تارہی ہوں، تارہاہوں، تےرہےہو، تی رہی ہو، تےرہےہیں، تے رہی ہیں وغیرہ)
  • We use “has been”, “have been” and add “ing” with the 1st form of verb.
  • “Since” & “For” are used as time reference to show that when the action started in the past or for how long the action continued.
  • “Since” is used when you know the exact starting time like “Since 2009”, “Since 6:00 AM”, “Since Thursday” etc.
  • “For” is used for a period of time, amount of time like “for last five years”, “for last 2 hours”, “for 6 months” etc.
For Example:
  • I have been serving my parents for last 2 years.  میں پچھلے 2 سالوں سے اپنے والدین کی خدمت کر رہا ہوں
  • Kinza has been winning this competition since 2018.  کُنزا 2018 سے یہ مقابلہ جیت رہی ہے
  • You have been losing this game for last 3 years.          آپ پچھلے 3 سالوں سے اس کھیل کو ہار رہے ہیں
  • We have been running this event since 1st Jan,19.  ہم اس پروگرام کو یکم جنوری ، 2019 سے چلا رہے ہیں
  • They have been working hard for two hours.          وہ دو گھنٹے سخت محنت کر رہے ہیں
  • Aliza has been waiting since 4:00 PM.                   علیزہ شام چار سے انتظار کر رہی ہے
  • I have been going to their home since childhood.  میں بچپن سے ان کے گھر جاتا رہا ہوں
Negative Sentences
  • In active voice negative sentences “not” is used between “has”, “have” and “been”.
For Example:
  • I have not been helping poor.            میں غریبوں کی مدد نہیں کرتا رہاہوں
  • He has not been doing well in exams.       وہ امتحانات میں اچھی کارکردگی کا مظاہرہ نہیں کررہا ہے
  • They have not been attending the classes since Friday.      وہ جمعہ کے بعد سے کلاسوں میں شرکت نہیں کر رہے ہیں
  • We have not been participating in sports for last 2 years.  ہم پچھلے 2 سالوں سے کھیلوں میں حصہ نہیں لے رہے ہیں
  • You have not been doing well.       تم اچھا نہیں کر رہے ہو
  • It has not been a good journey.       یہ اچھا سفر نہیں رہا ہے
Interrogative Sentences
  • “Has” & “have” are used before the subject.
  • The question words like “when”, “how”, “where”, “why” are used before “has” & “have”.
For Example:
  • Has Aslam not been doing well?        کیا اسلم ٹھیک نہیں کر رہا ہے
  • Have the students not been paying tuition fees?        کیا طلباء ٹیوشن فیس ادا نہیں کررہے ہیں
  • Has it been a memorable journey?           کیا یہ یادگار سفر رہا ہے
  • Why has Nida not been participating in event?      نیدا کیوں اس پروگرام میں حصہ نہیں لے رہی ہیں
  • How have they been managing to escape for last 1 month?    پچھلے 1 مہینے سے وہ کیسے فرار ہونے کا انتظام کر رہے ہیں

Examples of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  • I have been writing articles on different topics since morning.
  • He has been reading the book for two hours.
  • They have been playing football for an hour.
  • She has been finding the dress since morning.
  • He has been studying in the library for three hours.
  • We have been shopping at this fair for two hours.
  • We have been watching a movie in this Cineplex for two hours.
  • You have been shopping in that market for three hours.
  • I have been singing different kinds of songs, especially modern.
  • I have been listening to melodious songs for an hour.
  • He has been traveling around the world for a month.
  • They have been playing cricket in that field for five hours.
  • The poet has been writing romantic poems for several hours.
  • The lyricist has been writing realistic songs since the beginning of his career.
  • Have you been listening to realistic songs since morning?
  • I have not been watching the cricket match for an hour.
  • Have you been preparing the assignment for two hours?
  • I have been helping him to do the task for an hour.
  • My mom has been cooking for three hours.
  • I have been watching the concert for an hour.